Rotary-engined cars frequently suffer from fuel starvation caused by inadequate fuel pump delivery at full throttle. The problem arises because the pump, though it may deliver adequate pressure at idle, cannot hold that pressure when the engine demands more fuel. As a rule of thumb, we have found that, in stock street use, if the fuel pressure drops below half of the correct fuel pressure, the power output may be affected. In "street ported" engines it is undesirable to let the pressure drop more than 30% from the idle pressure. In race engines, the drop should be no more than 10% and preferably less. In actual use, fuel starvation is felt as a lack of high RPM and high speed power, even though the initial throttle response seems good.
To test the system, install a 5/16-inch "T" fitting in the fuel line ahead of the carburetor and plumb in a 0 to 6 psi gauge on a three-foot length of 5/16-inch hose (be sure to use hose clamps). Tape the gauge to the outside of the windshield so it can be read from inside the car. Start the car, check for leaks, and observe the fuel pressure gauge. The gauge should read within .5 psi of the pressure listed in the following table. Accelerate the car at full throttle in second or third gear and observe the fuel pressure. If the pressure drops below the recommended pressure limits, you may have a fuel pressure problem. Before condemning the pump, check the fuel filter near the pump. Also check for damaged or kinked fuel lines, especially under the car. Another possibility is a weak battery, and/or a failing charging system. If all else fails, change the pump. All race cars should have a fuel pressure gauge installed.
Suggested fuel pressures are as follows:
1971-1973 12A 3.5 PSI
1974-1975 12A 4.0 PSI
1976-1983 12A 4.5 PSI
1984-1985 12A 3.5 PSI
All 13B 5.0 PSI
Holley Carburetors (All) - 6.0 PSI
Weber Carburetors (48 & 51IDA) All - 4.5 PSI
Excessive pressure may cause the fuel level to rise and overflow. Conversely, insufficient pressure may cause the fuel level to drop enough that "foamy" fuel, caused by the spraying of fuel exiting the needle valve, is drawn into the fuel jets, thereby upsetting the fuel mixture.
The accelerator pump is very important to clean, crisp throttle response. Check the system with the engine off to see if fuel begins to spray from the accelerator pump shooter into the throttle bores from the first moment the throttle is moved.
Copyright 2007-2016 Racing Beat, Inc ©